How to Secure Your Website

Securing  your website is important for a number of reasons, as shown below:

  • To prevent Malware (viruses) being uploaded to your site
  • To reassure your website visitors that your website is safe
  • To get a better ranking in the search engines like Google
  • To protect your business from getting hacked and to protect against losing vital data

What is an SSL Certificate?

SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer and, in short, it’s the standard technology for keeping an internet connection secure and safeguarding any sensitive data that is being sent between two systems, preventing criminals from reading and modifying any information transferred, including potential personal details. The two systems can be a server and a client (for example, a shopping website and browser) or server to server (for example, an application with personal identifiable information or with payroll information).

It does this by making sure that any data transferred between users and sites, or between two systems remain impossible to read. It uses encryption algorithms to scramble data in transit, preventing hackers from reading it as it is sent over the connection. This information could be anything sensitive or personal which can include credit card numbers and other financial information, names and addresses.

An TLS certificate adds an extra layer of website security to any communications passed between browser and server. Certificates are deposited with the server and accessed whenever a website with HTTPS is visited.

TLS provides three key layers of protection:

Encryption—encrypting the exchanged data to keep it secure from eavesdroppers. That means that while the user is browsing a website, nobody can “listen” to their conversations, track their activities across multiple pages, or steal their information.

Data integrity—data cannot be modified or corrupted during transfer, intentionally or otherwise, without being detected.

Authentication—proves that your users communicate with the intended website.

There are three different SSL certificate types:

  • Certificates verified by domain validation (DV) are the lowest and least secure form of authentication. For this type of certification, the certifying authority simply checks whether or not the applicant is actually the domain’s owner. No other information about the company or applicant is checked. A DV certification works best for websites that have minimal dealings with confidential information and are less concerned about building a solid reputation for secure transactions.
  • Certificates verified by organization validation (OV) provide a more thorough validation than DV certificates do. This kind of SSL certificate verifies not only domain ownership, but also details about a company’s ownership. This information is also available to website visitors, which increases a site’s transparency and level of trustworthiness. An OV certificate takes more time to acquire and costs more than a DV certificate, but it provides additional website security for sites that deal with lower level types of data, such as collecting email addresses for marketing opt-ins.
  • Certificates verified by extended validation (EV) offer the highest level of authentication and security. These certificates can only be issued by authorized certifying authorities and require a review of detailed company information. Because EV certificates are time-intensive and represent the highest level of security, they are the most expensive of the three and are best suited for websites that handle very confidential information such as credit card data.

What is HTTPS?

HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) is an internet communication protocol that protects the integrity and confidentiality of data between the user’s computer and the site. Users expect a secure and private online experience when using a website. We encourage you to adopt HTTPS in order to protect your users’ connections to your website, regardless of the content on the site.

In an age of increasingly sophisticated hacking schemes for stealing or damaging a user’s data, an SSL certificate and HTTPS protocol tell visitors your site is trustworthy and secure and that their most sensitive data is safe with you.

All Hostiero’s  hosting packages come with an SSL certificate included. Start your online business now and secure it for free.


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